Connaître les auteurs – M-P

Maddox J


JOHN MADDOX, who recently retired having served
23 years as the editor of Nature, is a trained
physicist, who has served on a number of Royal
Commissions on environmental pollution and genetic
manipulation. His books include Revolution in
Biology (), The Doomsday Syndrome (), Beyond
the Energy Crisis (), and What Remains to be
Discovered: The Agenda for Science in the Next
Century (1999). More on John Maddox:

MCKINNEY Laurence O.

Self taught Laurence O. McKinney is the Director
of the American Institute for Mindfulness in
Arlington, Massachusetts. His professional and
teaching careers encompass thirty years of uninterrupted
activity as a writer, educator, consultant and
innovator.¼br> He is the author of “Neurotheology,
Virtual Religion in the 21st Century” (1994)

Miller J


Judith Miller, a correspondent for The New York
Tmes since 1977, has reported from throughout
the world and concentrated on the Middle East
and the former Soviet republics. Her most recent
book is God Has Ninety-nine Names: Reporting
from a Militant Middle East (), One By One, By
One (), Saddam Hussein and the Crisis in the
Gulf (with Laurie Milroie 1990) Her journalistic
ethics as a promoter of the Iraq war have been
severely questionned. – More on Judith Miller:



Russell Miller was voted Writer of the Year by
the British Magazine Editors while working for
the Sunday Times magazine. He now writes for
the Mail on Sunday review. His previous books
include: Magnum, The House of Getty and Bunny,
The Real Story of Playboy, and The Bare-Faced


Marvin Minsky got his BA and PhD in mathematics
at Harvard and Princeton. He is Toshiba Professor
of Media Arts and Sciences, and Professor of
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science,
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
His research has led to both theoretical and
practical advances in artificial intelligence,
cognitive psychology, neural networks, and the
theory of Turing Machines and recursive functions.
In 1951 he built the SNARC, the first neural
network simulator. His other inventions include
mechanical hands and other robotic devices, the
confocal scanning microscope, the “Muse” synthesizer
for musical variations (with E. Fredkin), and
the first LOGO “turtle” (with S. Papert). He
is the author of Semantic Information Processing,
MIT Press (1968) and of Society of Mind (1988)
which is the title of the course he teaches at
MIT. Homepage:


Hans Moravec is a Principal Research Scientist
in the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon
University. He received a PhD from Stanford in
1980 for a TV-equipped robot, remote controlled
by a large computer, that negotiated cluttered
obstacle courses. His two books, Mind Children:
The Future of Robot and Human Intelligence (1988),
and Robot: Mere Machine to Transcendent Mind
(1999), consider the future prospects for humans,
robots and intelligence. Homepage:



Dennis Morris is the author of From the Seed
of our Ancestors’ Primitive Superstitions Grew
all Belief Systems.

MURRAY Charles

Murray was born and raised in Newton, Iowa. He
obtained a B.A. in history from Harvard and a
Ph.D. in political science from the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. Charles Murray is the
Bradley Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.
He first came to national attention with Losing
Ground: American Social Policy 1950-1980, the
controversial analysis of the reforms of the
1960s. This was followed in 1988 by In Pursuit:
Of Happiness and Good Government. In 1994, he
and the late Richard J. Herrnstein published
The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure
in American Life, one of the most widely debated
works of social science in recent decades. His
latest book, Human Accomplishment: The Pursuit
of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C.
to 1950, presents evidence that the rate of great
accomplishment has been declining in the last
century. Interview:

NAAM Ramez

Ramez Naam helped develop Microsoft Internet
Explorer and Microsoft Outlook.

Newberg A


Andrew Newberg M.D. is assistant professor in
the Department of Radiology in the Division of
Nuclear Medecine and instructor in the Department
of Religious Studies at the University of Pensylvania.
He is coauthor with Eugene d’Aquili of The Mystical
Mind: Probing the Biology of Religious Experience
(1999) and Why God Won’t Go Away: Brain Science
and the Biology of Belief (2001). His webpage:

Norretranders T


– Tor Norretrandres is a prominent Danish mathematician,
science writer, television host, and lecturer
who has written The User Illusion: Cutting Consciousness
Down to Size (1998).

Overbye D


Dennis Overbye, who studied physics at MIT, is
Deputy Science Editor of The New York Times and
author of the critically acclaimed Lonely Hearts
of the Cosmos: The Scientific Quest for the Secret
of the Universe (1991) and the recently published
Einstein in Love. More on Overbye’s books:

Penrose R


Roger Penrose is a mathematical physicist; Rouse
Ball Professor of Mathematics at the University
of Oxford; author of Techniques of Differential
Topology in Relativity (1972), Spinors and Space-time,
with W. Rindler, 2 vols. (1984, 1986), The Emperor’s
New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the
Laws of Physics (1989), and Shadows of the Mind:
A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness
(1994); The Large, the Small and the Human Mind
(1997), coeditor with C.J. Isham and Dennis W.
Sciama of Quantum Gravity 2: A Second Oxford
Symposium (1981), and with C.J. Isham of Quantum
Concepts in Space and Time (1986). More on Penrose:

Perkowitz Sidney

Sidney Perkowitz is the Charles Howard Chandler
Professor of Physics of Amory University

Pinker S


Steven Pinker, an experimental psychologist,
is Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology in
the Department of Psychology at Harvard University.
He is author of Language Learnability and Language
Development (1984), Learnability and Cognition
(1989), The Language Instinct (1994)., How the
Mind Works (1997), The Blank Slate (2002) Homepage:


Born in Vienna in 1902, Karl Popper was educated
at the University of Vienna. He took a Ph.D.
in philosophy in 1928, and taught in secondary
school from 1930 to 1936. In 1937 he emigrated
to New Zealand, where he became lecturer in philosophy
at Canterbury University College at Christchurch.
In 1946, he moved to England to become reader
in logic and scientific method at the London
School of Economics, where he was appointed professor
in 1949. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II
in 1965, and was elected Fellow of the Royal
Society in 1976. He retired from academic life
in 1969, though he remained intellectually active
until his death in 1994. Popper’s account of
the logical asymmetry between verification and
falsification lies at the heart of his philosophy
of science. Obituary:

Press B


Bill Press is a journalist and news analyst.
who wrote Spin This: All The Ways We Don’t Tell
The Truth. Comment: