Connaître les auteurs – A-D



George Ainslie is chief Psychiatrist at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center Coatesville PA, and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Temple University Medical School. He has authored Picoeconomics: The Interaction of Successive Motivational States within the Person 1992 and The Breakdown of Will 2001.

About George Ainslie:



Brian Alexander was a contributing editor for biotechnology at Wired magazine.
He has written for the New York Times, Science, Esquire, Outside and many other magazines
before writing Rapture, How Biotech Became the New Religion in 2003.



John Allman is a neuroscientist at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California and a well recognized expert on primates, cognition and brain evolution.

His lab’s webpage:


ALPER Matthew

Matthew Alper is associate dean of reasearch at the John F. Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University. He has written The “God” Part of the Brain: A Scientific Interpretation of Human Spirituality and God 2001.

About The God Part of the Brain:



Scott Atran is a director of research at the National Center for Scientific Researchin Paris and Professor of anthropology and psychology at the University of Michigan.
He is the author of In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion and the
organizer of a NATO working group on suicide terrorism.



Robert Aunger has a Master’s degree in Urban Planning, and a PhD in biological anthropology from UCLA. He worked as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Chicago in culture and mental health and at King’s College Cambridge in evolutionary psychology before joining the University of London in 2003. He is the author of The Electric Meme (2002), Darwinizing Culture (2003) and reflective Ethnographic Science (2004).


Normand Baillargeon


Normand Baillargeon is Professor of Education Fundamentals at the University of Québec in Montreal. He is the author of several essays and books of which L’Ordre moins le pouvoir (2004), and the bestseller “Petit cours d’autodéfense intellectuelle”(2005).


BAKER Robert A.

Robert Allen Baker, a University of Kentucky psychology professor emeritus and a leading “ghost buster” worked on the premise that “there are no haunted places, only haunted people”.



Ernest Becker taught Cultural Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley, at the San Fransisco State College and at the Simon Frazer University. He wrote The Birth and Death of Meaning (1962), The Revolution in Psychiatry (1964), The Denial of Death (1973) and Escape from Evil (1975). He died of cancer at 49 in 1974.

Links about Becker:

Blackmore S


Susan Blackmore is a Reader of Psychology at the University of the West of Englandin Bristol where she lectures on the psychology of consciousness.She has written;Beyond the Body (1982), Dying to Live (on near-death experiences, 1993), In Search of the Light (autobiography, 1996), Test Your Psychic Powers (with Adam Hart-Davis, 1997), The Meme Machine (1999), and Consciousness: An Introduction (2003)


On near death experience:

Links on Memetics:


Sandra Blakeslee is an award-winning science writer for the New York Times. For the last ten years, she has carved out a specialty in neuroscience, although her “Science Times” articles cover many topics.

Bloom H

BLOOM Howard

Howard Bloom is a member of the New York Academy of Sciences, the National Association
for the Advancement of Science, the American Psychological Society, the American Sociological
Association and the Academy of Political Science. He has lectured at Wesleyan University, Georgia State University and New York University. He is the author of The Lucifer Principle (1995) and The Global Brain (2000).


Boyer P

BOYER Pascal

Pascal Boyer was senior researcher at the Institut des Sciences de l’Homme of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Lyon, France He is now Luce Professor of Collective Memory and Individual Memory at Washington University St Louis Missouri.
He has written several books of which: Barricades mystérieuses & pièges à pensée : introduction à l’analyse des épopées fang (), Tradition as Truth and Communication (1990), The Naturalness of Religious Ideas (1994), and Religion Explained: The Human Instincts That Fashion Gods, Spirits
and Ancestors (2001), Et L’homme Crea Les Dieux (2003)




Professeur de physique théorique à l’Université de Louvain en Belgique ses recherches portent principalement sur la physique statistique.

En 1997 il écrit avec avec Alan Sokal l’ouvrage controversé Impostures intellectuelles contre le postmodernisme, en 2001 le traité Chance in Physics
et en 2003, avec Régis DEBRAY À l’ombre des lumières qui traite de la difficile interface entre les mondes litteraires et scientifiques.

Jean Bricmont est président de l’
Association française pour l’information scientifique (AFIS) depuis 2001.

Broad W

BROAD William

William Broad is a science writer for The Times who has twice shared the Pulitzer Prize. His books include: Betrayers of the Truth (1982 with Wade N, 1982), Star Warriors (1985), Teller’s War: The Top-Secret Story Behind the Star Wars Deception (1992),Star Warriors: A Penetrating Look into the Lives of the Young Scientists Behind Our Space Age Weaponry 1993), Germs : Biological Weapons and America’s Secret War (2001
with Engleberg S. and Miller J.),

About “Germs …”:

Brodie R

BRODIE Richard

Richard Brodie is the original creator of Microsoft Word and author of two books, Getting Past OK (1993), and Virus of the Mind (1995). He now heads a high tech consulting firm.


Links on Memetics:


Rodney Brooks is Fujitsu Professor of Computer Science at MIT and director of the Artifical Intelligence Laboratory.


Allen Buchanan (Ph.D. 1975, UNC Chapel Hill) joined the faculty in 2002 as professor of philosophy and of public policy in the Sanford Institute. He was previously at the Universities of Arizona, Wisconsin and Minnesota. He is the author of over one hundred articles and six books: Marx and Justice: Radical Critique of Liberalism (1982), Ethics, Efficiency, and the Market (1985), Deciding For Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making (with Dan W. Brock, 1989), Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce From Fort Sumter to Lithuania
and Quebec (1991) and (with Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels, and Daniel Wikler), From Chance to Choice (1999).
Liste de publications

BUTLER John Alfred V.

John Alfred ValentineButler of the Chester Beatty Research Institute and the Royal Cancer Hospital, in London, is the author of The Life of the Cell (1959), Gene Control in the Living Cell (1968), The Life Process (1970) and Modern biology and its human implications (1976).


Elias Canetti (1905-94), was awarded the Nobel Prize in Litterature in 1981 mainly on the basis of Crowds and Power, his masterwork of philosophical anthropology about “la condition humaine” on an overpopulated planet. About Canetti:


Rita Carter, a distinguished English medical journalist, is the co-author of Mapping the Mind. For the past ten years she has been a medical and science writer. She
has contributed to a wide range of newspapers and magazines, including the Independent, New Scientist, Daily Mail and Telegraph. She was twice awarded the Medical journalists’ Association prize for outstanding contribution to medical journalism. The general
consultant for Mapping the Mind is Christopher Frith, Professor in Neuropsychology, Wellcome Department of Cognitive Neurology. The contributors include Simon Baron-Cohen, Francis Crick, Antonio Damasio, Uta Frith, Richard Gregory, Joseph LeDoux, Sir Roger Penrose, John Maynard Smith, Steven Rose and other leading researchers in brain science.

Chomsky N


Noam Chomsky is Professor of Linguistics at the Massachusets Institute of Technology.He has become widely known as critic of media manipulation and dissident of US foreign policies. He is a prolific writer and has written several books as a linguist such as Aspects of the Theory of Syntax (1965), Language and Mind (1968) Reflections on Language (1975), Rules and Representations (1980), Modular Approaches to the Study of the Mind (1984), Language and Politics (1988) and New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind (2000). As a concerned citizen he has also written The Fateful Triangle (1999), Rogue Srates (2000), Propaganda and the Public Mind (2001)
About Chomsky:

People at Cornell



Cowan J


James Cowan is the author of Mysteries of the Dreaming, The Spiritual Life of Australian Aborigines. His Books:


CRICK Francis

Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004) was an English physicist, molecular biologist and neuroscientist, most noted for being one of the three co-discoverers of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953. He, James D. Watson, and Maurice Wilkins were jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine His later work at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology until 1977 has not received as much formal recognition. His remaining career as the J.W. Kieckhefer Distinguished Research Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies was spent in La Jolla, California until his

Cromer A


Alan Cromer (1941-1998), was Professor of Physics at Northeastern University of Boston and the author of Physics for the Life Sciences (1977), Physics in Science and Industry (1980), Uncommon Sense, the Heretical Nature of Science (1993), Connected Knowledge: Science, Education, and Philosophy (1997) About “Uncommon Sense… “:

Uncommon Sense



Antonio R. Damasio, M.D. Ph.D is M.W. Van Allen Professor and Head of Neurology, University of Iowa . He completed his medical degree and doctorate at the University of Lisbon School in Portugal and was a research fellow at the Aphasia Research Center in Boston . He has won many honors and awards, including the Arnold Pfeffer Prize (2002), the Reenpaa Prize in Neuroscience (2000), and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1997) and the Neurosciences Research Program (1997). His research interests include neurobiology of the mind, specifically the understanding of the neural systems that sub serve memory, language, emotion, and decision-making; his clinical interests focus on disorders of behavior and cognition, and movement disorders.

D'Aquili E


Eugene D’Aquili (-2001), Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania and has authored and co-authored five books and numerous papers relating on biogenetic structuralism to philosophy of science, religious phenomenology, and neuroepistemology. The Mystical Mind: Probing the Biology of Religious Experience (with Andrew Newberg 1999), Why God Won’t Go Away, Brain Science and the Biology of Belief (with Andrew Newberg and Vince Rause 2001) About “Why God …”:

Why God

Darwin C

DARWIN Charles

From 1831 to 1836 Darwin served as naturalist aboard the H.M.S. Beagle on a British science expedition around the world. Darwin studied plants and animals everywhere he went, collecting specimens for further study. Twenty three years after his return he made public his life work: “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life” also known as “The Origin of Species” for short (1859). About Darwin:


Davies P


Paul Davies is a theoretical physicist; professor of natural philosophy at the University of Adelaide, Australia; author
of many books, including Other Worlds (1980), God and the New Physics (1983), Superforce (1984), The Cosmic Blue print (1989), The Mind of God (1992) and The Last Three Minutes (1994); coauthor with John Gribbin of The Matter Myth (1992). It must be mentionned that he obtained the one million dollar Templeton Foundation Prize for his efforts to find a scientific basis for religion.
About “The Mind of God”:
His books:

Dawkins R


Richard Dawkins is an evolutionary biologist; he holds the Charles Simonyi Chair of Public Understanding of Science in theDepartment of Zoology at Oxford University; Fellow of New College; author of The Selfish Gene (1976, 2d ed. 1989), The ExtendedPhenotype (1982), The Blind Watchmaker (1986), River out of Eden (1995), Climbing Mount Improbable (1996), Unweaving theRainbow (1998) and other books. Unofficial homepage:

On memes:

Deacon T

DEACON Terrence W.

Terrence W. Deacon conducts research in neuroscience and evolutionary anthropology in laboratories at Boston University,where he is associate professor of biological anthropology, and at McLean Hospital at Harvard Medical School. He is theauthor of The Symbolic Species; The Co-evolution of Language and the Brain (1997) Book review:

Dennett D C


Daniel Clement Dennett is a philosopher; director of the Center for Cognitive Studies and Distinguished Arts and SciencesProfessor at Tufts University; author of Content and Consciousness (1969), Brainstorms (1978), Elbow Room: The Varietiesof Free Will Worth Wanting (1984), The Intentional Stance (1987), coauthor (with Douglas R. Hofstadter) of The Mind’s 1(1981),Consciousness Explained (1991), Darwin’s Dangerous Idea (1995), Freedom Evolves (2003) Homepage:

About Freedom Evolves:

Deutsch D


David Deutsch is a member of the Quantum Computation and Cryptography Research Group at the Clarendon Laboratory of OxfordUniversity. He is author of The Fabric of Reality (1997) Home page:


De WAAL Franz

Frans B.M. de Waal (born 1948, the Netherlands) was trained as a zoologist and ethologist in the European tradition at three Dutch universities (Nijmegen, Groningen, Utrecht), resulting in a Ph.D. in biology from the University of Utrecht, in 1977

Diamond J


Jared Diamond is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles. Until recently he was Professor of Physiology at the UCLA School of Medicine. He is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Guns, Germs, and Steel: the Fates of Human Societies (1997), of The Third Chimpanzee (1992), and of Why is Sex Fun? (1998). About Jared Diamond:


John Dombrink is Professor in the Department of Criminology, Law, and Society at the University of California, Irvine.



Eric Drexler received his bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, and PhD from MIT. His PhD was the first doctoral degree inMolecular Nanotechnology and his thesis was published as Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing and Computation (1992). He also authored Engines of Creation (1986) and Unbounding the Future (1991) with Chris Peterson and Gayle Pergamit.