Connaître les auteurs – E-H



Gerald Edelman earned his Ph.D. in 1960 at The
Rockefeller Institute (now University). In addition
to the 1972 Nobel Prize for physiology, Dr. Edelman
has been the recipient of numerous awards and
honors, including many honorary degrees. He is
a member of the National Academy of Sciences,
the American Philosophical Society, and several
foreign societies, including the Academy of Sciences,
Institute of France. He is author of over 500
research publications.



Niles Eldredge is a paleontologist; curator in
the Department of Invertebrates at The American
Museum of Natural History, in New York; author
of 21 books of which Time Frames: The Rethinking
of Darwinian Evolution and the Theory of Punctuated
Equilibria and Unfinished Synthesis (1985), The
Miner’s Canary (1991), and Fossils (1991), and
Reinventing Darwin (1995), The Myths of Human
Evolution (), Life in the Balance: Humanity and
the Biodiversity Crisis (1998), Triumph of Evolution
And the Failure of Creationism (2000) About Miles


Eliade M


Mircea Eliade (1907-1986) was educated as a philosopher.
He was editor-in-chief of Macmillan’s Encyclopedia
of Religion until his death after publishing
extensively on the history of religions: Rites
and Symbols of Initiation (1958), The Sacred
and the Profane (1959), Myths, Dreams and Mysteries
(1960), Myth and Reality (1963), Shamanism: Archaic
Techniques of Ecstasy (1964), A History of Religious
Ideas I (1978), II (1982) and III (1995). About
Mircea Eliade:

Engleberg S


Stephen Engleberg is the investigations editor
of The Times. co-authored Report of the Congressional
Committees Investigating the Iran-Contra Affair:
With the Minority Views (with Joel Brinkley 1988)
and Germs : Biological Weapons and America’s
Secret War (with Judith Miller and William J.
Broad 2001),



Paul Feyerabend (b.1924, d.1994), having studied
science at the University of Vienna, moved into
philosophy for his doctoral thesis, made a name
for himself both as an expositor and as a critic
of Karl Popper’s “critical rationalism”, and
went on to become famous as a philosopher of
science. An imaginative maverick, he became a
critic of philosophy of science itself, particularly
of “rationalist” attempts to lay down or discover
rules of scientific method. His major works include
Against Method (1975), Science in a Free Society
(1978) and Farewell to Reason (1987).

Feynman R


Richard Feynman was a theoretical physicist who
played an important role in the Manhattan Project
at Los Alamos. He shared the Nobel Prize of Physics
with otherin 1965 for his work in quantum electrodynamics.
He was a remarkably effective educator as Professor
of Physics at the California Institute of Technology.
He wrote the Feynman Lectures on Physics (1963),
The Character of Physical Law (1965), QED, The
Strange Theory of Light and Matter (1985) and
other books. He died in Los Angeles in 1988.



- Franken’s political satire has been some of
his best work, and is currently on display in
his massive bestseller, Lies (and The Lying Liars
Who Tell Them).



Thomas Friedman graduated summa cum laude from
Brandeis University with a degree in Mediterranean
studies and received a master’s degree in modern
Middle East studies from Oxford. He has served
as a visiting professor at Harvard University
and has been awarded honorary degrees from several
U.S. universities. He is the author of Friedman
is the author of From Beirut to Jerusalem (1989),
The Lexus and the Olive Tree (1999) and Longitudes
and Attitudes: Exploring the World After September
11 (2002). Homepage:



Francis Fukuyama received his B.A. from Cornell
University in classics, and his Ph.D. from Harvard
in Political Science. He is a member of the President’s
Council on Bioethics. He holds an honorary doctorate
from Connecticut College and Doane College, and
is a member of advisory boards for the National
Endowment for Democracy (NED), the Journal of
Democracy, and The New America Foundation. He
is a member of the American Political Science
Association, the Council on Foreign Relations,
the Pacific Council on International Policy,
and the Global Business Network. He is the author
of: Our Posthuman Future (2002), of State-Building
(2004) and several other books. Homepage:

Gardner M


- Martin Gardner graduated from the University
of Chicago in 1936 with a major in philosophy.
He is the author of more than 65 books and countless
articles, ranging over the fields of science,
mathematics, philosophy, literature, and conjuring.
To mention a few, Fads and Fallacies in the Name
of Science (1952), Science: Good, Bad, and Bogus
(1981), The New Age: Notes of a Fringe-Watcher
(1988), The New Ambidextrous Universe: Symmetry
and Asymmetry, from Mirror Reflections to Superstrings
(1991), On the Wild Side (1992), Weird Water
and Fuzzy Logic: More Notes of a Fringe-Watcher
(1996), Gardner’s Workout : Training the Mind
and Entertaining the Spirit (2001), The Colossal
Book of Mathematics: Classic Puzzles, Paradoxes,
and Problems (2001), Interview:


Joel Garreau is a reporter and editor at the
Washington Post. He is the author of Edge City,
Life on the New Frontier, The Nine Nations of
North America and Radical Revolution (2005).
Web site:



Micael Gaxxaniga is the director of the Center
of Cognitive Neuriscience at Dartmouth College.
H has served onthe President’s Council on Bioethics
and is the President of the American Psychological

Gell-Mann M


Murray Gell-Mann is a theoretical physicist;
Robert Andrews Millikan Professor Emeritus of
Theoretical Physics at the California Institute
of Technology; winner of the 1969 Nobel Prize
in physics; a cofounder of the Santa Fe Institute,
where he is a professor and cochairman of the
science board; a director of the J.D. and C.T.
MacArthur Fondation; one of the Global Five Hundred
honored by the U.N. Environment Program; a member
of the President’s Committee of Advisors on Science
and Technology; author of The Quark and the Jaguar:
Adventures in the Simple and the Complex (1994).


Gershenfeld N


Neil Gershenfeld is the Director of MIT’s Center
for Bits and Atoms. His books include When Things
Start To Think (1999), The Nature of Mathematical
Modeling (1998), and The Physics of Information
Technology (2000). His homepage:



-Ph.D. University of Minnesota, BA Oberlin College.
She has authored Redefining Death, Yale University
Press (1986), co-edited Ethical Challenge in
Managed Care: A Casebook, Georgetown University
Press (1999), and published articles in such
journals as the Hastings Center Report, Medical
Humanities Review, and Minnesota Medicine. She
is currently director of the Minnesota Center
for Health Care Ethics.

Giovanoli J


Joseph Giovanoli holds a doctorate from Fordham
University and is a member of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science. Ge is the author
of The Biology of Belief (2000)

Gleick J


A native of New York, Gleick graduated from Harvard
College in 1976 and helped found Metropolis,
an alternative weekly newspaper in Minneapolis.
Then he worked for ten years as an editor and
reporter for The New York Times. In 1989-90 he
was the McGraw Distinguished Lecturer at Princeton
University. He is the author of Chaos, Making
a New Science (1997). His webpage:



Henry Gordon is a magician, columnist and broadcaster
living in Toronto He is a Fellow of the Comitee
for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of
the Paranormal and past chair of the Ontario

Gould S

GOULD Stephen Jay

Stephen Jay Gould is an evolutionary biologist,
a paleontologist, and a snail geneticist; professor
of zoology at Harvard University; MacArthur Fellow;
author of, among others, Ontogeny and Phylogeny
(1977), The Mismeasure of Man (1981), The Flamingo’s
Smile (1985), Wonderful Life (1989), and Bully
for Brontosaurus (1992). Gould archive:

Greene B


Brian Greene was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford,
He taught at Cornell and is now Professor of
Physics and Mathematics at Columbia University.
He has made important advances in superstring
theory and is the author of The Elegant Universe
(1999) and Fabric of the Cosmos (2004). Homepage:

On string theory:

Gregory S

GREGORY Stephen A.

Stephen A. Gregory, Professor, Associate Director
of Institute for Astrophysics, Director of Capilla
Peak Observatory His books include Introductory
Astronomy and Astrophysics (with Michael Zeilik,and
Elske Smith 1992) Homepage:

Gribbin J


John Gribbin is Visiting Fellow in Astronomy
at the University of Sussex in England. He has
written several bestsellers of which; In Search
of Schrodinger’s Cat (1984), In Search of the
Edge of Time : Black Holes, White Holes, Wormholes
(1992), In Search of the Double Helix: Quantum
Physics and Life (1995), Companion to the Cosmos
(1996), Q is for Quantum: An Encyclopedia of
Particle Physics (1998), The Search for Superstrings,
Symmetry and the Theory of Everything (1999),
The Case of the Missing Neutrinos : And Other
Curious Phenomena of the Universe (2000), XTL
: Extraterrestrial Life and How to Find It (2003)
His homepage:

Guth A

GUTH Alan H.

Alan Guth is Weisskopf Professor of Physics at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Elected
a member of the National Academy of Sciences
and recipient of many academic awards he is the
author of The Inflationnary Universe; The Quest
for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins (1997), More
on inflation: